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B.A.LL.B. (Hons.) Semester-V

Constitutional Law - II

The Constitution, a living document is said to be always in the making. It is the 'fundamental law of superior obligation'. It enunciates the legal indices for the measure of all subsequent legislation. The judicial process of constitutional interpretation involves techniques of adapting the law to meet changing social mores. Constitutional law being the fundamental law, an insight into its new trends is essential for a meaningful understanding of the legal system and process. This course on Constitutional Law-I has been designed with the hope to expose the students of law to the new challenges and perspectives of the constitutional developments in case of fundamental rights, directive principles of state policy and democratic process etc. obviously, rubrics under this paper require modification and updating from time to time. We will cover in this course the Preamble, fundamental rights viz. freedom of speech and expression, press, religion and rights of minorities, and association; the un-enumerated rights to vote, travel, access to the courts, and related rights claims; right to life and personal liberty and equality under the Constitution of India. Comparative perspectives will be brought in wherever necessary.

Corporate Law

Industrialization plays a very vital role in the economic development of India. In the postIndependence era, industrial regulation is employed as a principal means in the strategy for attaining constitutional values. Companies are no doubt powerful instruments for development. Besides bringing returns and financial benefits to the capital and labour they help amelioration of the living conditions of masses. In a developing society like India, vast varieties of consumer goods are manufactured or produced and different kinds of public utility services are generated both for general welfare and consumption purposes. Obviously, it is beyond the capacity of one or a few entrepreneurs to engage into such activities. Because the problem of raising large capital needed for such enterprises, there is a looming danger of market risks. Hence, taking recourse to the device of incorporation is the only efficacious way to surmount all such hurdles.

LABOUR LAWS - I

A nation may do without its millionaires and without its capitalists, but a nation can never do without its labour. These words of Mahatma Gandhi, Father of our Nation highlights the importance of the laborers in our country. The labour force or the workmen constitute an important segment of the society and play a vital role in the development and progress of the Country. Due to the fast pace of industrialization there is a need to regulate and control the relation between the employer and employees. This has led to the evolution and development of labour laws all over the world. After the Independence the government of India has enacted numerous legislations for the regulation of labour relations and their welfare. An understanding of Labour Laws is very essential for law students because of the fact that the scope and ambit of these is very wide and is touching the lives of millions of people in the country. The subject of Labour Law is very wide and hence the course is divided into two parts: Labour Law I and Labour Law Labour Law I is Introduction to Labour and Industrial Relations that deals with mainly the laws which regulates the relationship between employer and employees. This paper focuses on various aspect of management of labour relation and dispute settlement bodies and techniques.

FAMILY LAW-II

Learning of Family Law provides in-depth study and knowledge of the different personal laws based on social and religious customs. It deals with the codified and un- codified personal laws in India. Our objective is to study the different personal laws in India and how they have evolved in response to the shifting panorama of strategies that people employ to live together.

The Law relating to family is of crucial importance to every individual, whether adult or child. It is family law that regulates interpersonal relationships.

The present course Family Law-II involves a critical and comparative study of the different per- sonal laws governing Succession and inheritance of property of a persona on his or her death. The succession for the purpose of this course is divided into two parts- 'testamentary' and 'in- testate' succession. The course has designed also to look into the unique feature of Hindu com- munity, 'the Hindu Undivided Family' set up, popularly known as Joint family. Moreover, emerging concepts and notions like 'settlement of spousal property', 'uniform civil code' and succession of property in case of 'informal relationships'. Special care is taken in the course to look into the status of women (especially Succession rights given to her) and children in family relations law with a view to ensure greater protection of constitutional rights of these groups in family law administration. Courts and the legislatures have always been able to fit traditional family law principle into realities of the modern life. New principles have to be created to suit the changing concept of personal and family relations.

Keeping in view this context, objective of the course is to develop among students a critical un- distending of above mentioned disciplines, which are very crucial to the legal profession in general and advocacy in particular.

PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW

The course aims to present a panorama of public international law, which covers principles and rules that govern the relations between States and the latter's interactions with other international actors. The course is designed to give students a global understanding of the rules governing international relations and, ultimately, provide them with practical skills in legal reasoning and arguing, research and writing on international issues. The course will start with an introduction to the international legal order, including a presentation of the specificities of international law as compared to domestic law. It will then focus on core areas of public international law which involve the following questions: Who are the actors in the international legal system and to whom does international law apply? How is international law created and where can it be found? What are the fundamental principles of public international law, besides the multitude of international rules, with a special focus on one of them, namely the prohibition of the use of force? Finally, in case of breaches of international rules, how does international law react to such breaches?

GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS

Economics is the study of how to get the most out of life. The knowledge of Economics is now extremely important for everybody in the legal Profession, more so in case of all transactional and Corporate lawyers. Once justice Marshall observed that a lawyer who does not know economics is a social evil. This statement itself highlights the importance of economics for the law students. Therefore, it is always advisable and necessary for the students of law to be thoroughly conversant with fundamental and intricate principles of economic system. Economics may therefore be offered to students of all streams. Sometimes it is worthwhile to offer various aspects of the Subject as Special courses as a part of honours/specialized branch or as an audit course or optional non-credit voluntary course.